Advancing AI in Radiology: Medical Imaging Progress

Jul 19, 2023 | 10 min read

AI is transforming radiology and healthcare as a whole. Medical imaging is now reaching new levels of efficiency and effectiveness due to the advanced analysis and interpretation that is introduced by AI in radiology.

In this article, we will explore the future of AI in medical imaging, its key benefits, its use cases, and the top companies that are leading the way in this field. 

Logically, we will also discuss the ins and outs of human-AI collaboration that is vital to the continuous growth of this AI-enabled medical imaging solutions market. Without further ado, let’s dive right in.


  • The potential of AI in transforming radiology forever is undeniable.
  • AI systems have the power to improve diagnosis accuracy, reduce the time doctors spend on interpretation, and bring value in early disease detection.
  • With the power of analyzing huge amounts of medical images and extracting critical insights, AI can soon become the best helping hand for radiologists.
  • During the integration of AI into radiology, human-AI collaboration is simply a must.

What is AI in Radiology and Why is It Important?

When we say AI in radiology, it references the use of artificial intelligence systems in medical imaging. But what does this mean and why should we take note? 

It’s no secret that AI is truly transforming a plethora of fields, and radiology is no exception. From X-rays and CT scans to MRIs and ultrasounds, AI introduces advanced data analysis and interpretation of images. And it does so with a high level of accuracy.

The reason why AI is so important in the field of radiology is because of its immense potential. Using AI in healthcare diagnostics can improve patient outcomes and help radiologists improve the precision with which they give diagnoses. As a result, there are fewer errors and more early disease detection.

Now that you have a rough idea about the role of AI in radiology, let’s talk about the benefits it brings.

ai in radiology

5 Benefits of AI In Radiology

The benefits of AI in medical imaging are too many to count on one hand. That’s why we’ve identified the 5 main ones to share with you today. 

From better accuracy and time savings to workflow improvements and early disease detection, let’s talk about the advantages of AI in radiology that you should know.


1. Enhanced Diagnostic Accuracy

Seemingly the biggest challenge for AI in radiology is safeguarding algorithms from providing inaccurate data. Unlike humans who can make mistakes, the accuracy of AI in radiology is higher with fewer technical mishaps. 

AI systems know more than any individual doctor can. This is why they can notice subtle patterns that a human could’ve easily missed. 

AI in diagnostic imaging has the power to analyze so much data without getting burnt out, giving it the power to be even more accurate. This results in improved accuracy in diagnosing conditions, including cancers, neurological disorders, and cardiovascular diseases.

This doesn’t mean that we should blindly trust an artificial intelligence diagnosis, but the only thing left for doctors to do is to check it.

2. Time Efficiency

Imagine a doctor who has a new patient. They have to learn all about their medical history and analyze medical images from scratch. On the other hand, AI-powered systems can analyze medical images in mere seconds, providing radiologists with quick insights. 

This reduces the time doctors would spend interpreting results and critically decreases the time required for bureaucracy. Ultimately, patient care becomes more and more efficient.

3. Decision Support

The way doctors use AI algorithms is changing day by day. Human oversight is required to double-check the output of AI systems, but they can still be valuable tools for getting a second opinion. 

AI algorithms are truly valuable tools that can aid radiologists in decision support. They can highlight abnormalities in areas of concern, taking the burden of this time-consuming task off doctors.

Ultimately, radiologists who use AI systems can make more informed diagnoses and create advanced treatment plans.

4. Workflow Optimization

One of the biggest benefits of AI in radiology is the streamlining of workflows in clinics. From automated image analysis and triage to prioritization of tasks and paperwork, AI has the power to take time-consuming tasks out of the hands of healthcare staff.

It’s no secret that the integration of AI systems will bring short-term losses in productivity, but it’s an investment that will pay off in the future. The best thing clinics can do is create new workflows and educate their staff ahead of time (before the introduction of AI systems).

5. Early Disease Detection

While doctors may not have knowledge of the full medical history of a patient, AI systems can store and analyze it in seconds. This is why they can detect early signs of disease, even before symptoms manifest. 

The power of AI enables early intervention, which improves the chances of having a better treatment plan, better outcomes, and even better survival rates for patients.

Regardless of the disadvantages of AI in radiology, such as ethical and data privacy issues, we still believe that the pros outweigh the cons.

AI in Medical Imaging Market

With the rapid takeover of AI in the world, it’s interesting to see the year-over-year growth of AI and radiology. In terms of quantitative value, the global AI radiology market is projected to grow with a CAGR of 26% until 2026. This gives a lot of food for thought in terms of the future of AI in radiology.

The volume of medical images is increasing in parallel to the demand for AI-powered solutions in radiology. The market needs faster diagnoses, higher accuracy, and better patient care.

In terms of the future, it’s natural to wonder about the AI takeover of the medical imaging market. So, will AI replace radiologists? The answer is - definitely not in the near future. Since there are still concerns about the ethics of AI in radiology, along with many other fields, human oversight is simply a must.

Having discussed the benefits of AI in medical imaging and its market dynamics, let’s talk about some concrete examples of how AI is changing radiology.

ai and radiology

3 Best Examples of AI in Radiology

When thinking about how is AI used in radiology, 3 main topics come to mind - X-rays, MRIs, and breast imaging. The use of AI in radiology is vast and extensive, so narrowing it down was tough. Nevertheless, whether it be AI in diagnostic imaging annotation or AI in interventional radiology, we cannot deny the transformative nature of this technology.

Regardless of the type of AI used in radiology information systems, whether it be AI in diagnostics or annotation, let’s dive right in and talk about the real-life use cases of radiology and AI.

1. AI for Chest X-rays

AI algorithms are trained on large datasets. That’s why they can analyze chest X-rays to detect and classify abnormalities such as lung nodules, pneumonia, and tuberculosis. As a second opinion provider, an AI system can help doctors focus on what truly matters.

In terms of potential, artificial intelligence X-ray analysis will benefit everyone in the future. From more accurate diagnoses of lung diseases and better prioritization of cases that require urgent attention, the population will come out of this with a gain.

2. AI for Brain MRIs

With the integration of AI systems into brain MRIs, there will be better identification and segmentation of brain tumors, hemorrhages, and other issues. While a doctor would have to go through tons of data and spend a significant amount of time to come up with valuable insights, AI can do this in mere seconds.

When thinking about the potential of AI for brain MRIs in the future, advancements in this field will definitely help radiologists detect brain lesions more easily and faster. Ultimately, this will lead to quicker and better treatments for individual patients.

3. AI for Breast Imaging

Compared to existing solutions, AI algorithms can analyze mammograms faster and identify suspicious features associated with breast cancer with higher accuracy. This is why the implementation of AI in breast imaging will be revolutionary.

AI systems simply don’t have the power to transform breast imaging. The introduction of AI in echocardiography as a whole will lead the way for an upgrade in the field as a whole, including early detection and reduced false-positive rates.

From medical imaging diagnosis to document-related tasks, AI is paving the way for a better radiology world. Nevertheless, it cannot grow and function without human oversight. So, let’s talk about the elephant in the room, which is human-AI collaboration in radiology.

Human-AI Collaboration in Radiology

Just like in any other field, the introduction of AI brings along the need for human oversight in radiology as well. While we cannot deny the tremendous potential of artificial intelligence in radiology, we can also never deny that it cannot replace the expertise and clinical judgment of radiologists.

Human AI collaboration in radiology results in the best of both worlds. Ultimately, radiologists can leverage the power of AI systems and still retain control over the diagnostic processes.

If we’re thinking in terms of artificial intelligence in medical imaging impact factor, it cannot be underestimated. Combining the data analysis skills of AI and the critical thinking skills of radiologists, the results become more dependable.

At the end of the day, artificial intelligence in diagnostic imaging is helping doctors in a massive way. Doctors can leave redundant, time-intensive tasks to AI, and focus on where their expertise will truly matter.

Now, let’s talk about a couple of the best artificial intelligence medical imaging companies that are leading the way for innovation in this field.

4 Best Artificial Intelligence Medical Imaging Companies Today

When talking about AI in the sphere of radiology, it’s important to talk about the specific companies that are leading the way for this AI transformation. After all, if it wasn’t for them, the integration or even development of these AI-powered systems wouldn’t exist in the first place.

We’ve identified 4 companies and startups that can be considered the best in this subject matter. So, let’s talk about each of them and how they came to be.


As a pioneer in blood flow visualization and quantification using an MRI, Arterys is one of the AI medical imaging startups that is worth discussing. Ultimately, they can navigate and find actionable insights from medical images.

They received their FDA approval for clinical deep learning in the sphere of cloud technology. Essentially, they are introducing cloud technology to clinics and empowering them to store and navigate medical history data more easily and faster.

The company has many branches, and one of them, called Lung-AI, is known to reduce detection omissions by 42-70%.

The company was ranked as one of the world’s 50 most innovative companies by FastCompany in 2019, and they’ve since been acquired by Tempus.


IBM Watson

IBM Watson is at the forefront of incorporating Artificial Intelligence into healthcare applications. In fact, it has played a leading role in this field. 

Being a prominent member of the Fortune 100 companies, IBM has a substantial capacity to deliver effective solutions for a wide range of AI applications, including healthcare and medical imaging. 

In the realm of healthcare, IBM Watson Health is making remarkable strides by leveraging AI to analyze medical images and efficiently extract information from a range of databases. 

IBM Watson is almost like having a highly skilled medical professional who can rapidly process images and derive meaningful insights from extensive medical data sources. Ultimately, this tech is the culmination of everything we’ve discussed in this article so far.

IBM Watson


3rd on our list of the best AI companies in medical imaging is RetinAI. As the name suggests, they are working in the field of AI and medical imaging for the eye. Their infamous “Discovery Platform” helps gather and analyze health information from the eye to then identify AMD (Age-related Macular Degeneration), DR (Diabetic retinopathy), glaucoma, and much more.

As they say, the eye is the window to the soul, and in the case of RetinAI, AI is the contact lens. When it comes to AI medical imaging software, RetinAI’s biggest purpose is to aid eye doctors, surgeons, and even scientists in studying the eye.

At the end of the day, RetinAI is aiming to create a platform where digital images of the eye can be stored, regardless of the tech or device that a doctor used to capture it.


Butterfly Network

As one of the best AI ultrasound imaging companies, Butterfly Network has both software and hardware products that are transforming medical imaging. 

The company has created a portable body ultrasound framework that has the form of a mobile device. It uses ultrasound-on-chip tech and can detect diseases in real time.

They are driving innovation in 3 areas of healthcare at the same time, including ​​assessment, diagnosis, and treatment.

While the average person living in a large city can easily have access to healthcare, this medical imaging solution can save lives in places where medical attention is not immediately available.

And here you have it - the top 4 AI solutions in radiology that are transforming the field as a whole.

Butterfly Network


AI is a fairly new phenomenon in the world, but it’s taking over healthcare and radiology at astonishing speeds. This is because there are obvious benefits to be gained. From better diagnostic accuracy to early disease detection, AI is improving patient care day by day.

The medical imaging market is growing, there’s no doubt about it. However, the future of radiology lies in human-AI collaboration. When radiologists and AI systems work together, there’s an opportunity to leverage the strengths of both parties. That’s why AI will not be taking over the jobs of radiologists anytime soon.

Many AI medical imaging companies are driving innovation in the field, paving the way for a future where AI augments radiologists' expertise and improves healthcare outcomes. 

As long as AI continues to advance, its impact on radiology will be groundbreaking, ultimately benefiting both patients and healthcare providers.

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