10 Examples of AI in Healthcare: From Diagnostics to Treatment

10 Examples of AI in Healthcare: From Diagnostics to Treatment

AI in Healthcare

Updated on 04 Jul 2023

Written by Dr. George Laliotis

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The intersection of healthcare and artificial intelligence is bringing about extraordinary changes that were previously unimagined. In this article, we delve into various examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare, showcasing how AI is revolutionizing everything from disease diagnosis to mental health therapy.

 

10 Successful Examples of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

1. Disease Diagnostics

Artificial intelligence stands as an instrumental paradigm shift in disease diagnosis, a fact reiterated by a multitude of research studies and investigations. Techniques encompassing machine learning and deep learning have been extensively leveraged, processing multifarious medical data that encompass ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, genomics, computed tomography scans, and more.

The capabilities extend to diagnosing a variety of diseases such as Alzheimer's, cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases, to name a few. The enhanced diagnostic accuracy and predictive capabilities of AI algorithms have emerged as essential components in treatment planning and patient care.

One of the prime examples of AI in healthcare is  SISH, a self-teaching deep-learning algorithm from the Mahmood Lab at Harvard Medical School, which has proven effective in diagnosing rare diseases and identifying patients likely to respond to similar treatment protocols.

In this transformative landscape, Docus.ai emerges as another innovative player. This AI-powered platform, driven by technologies like GPT-4, OpenAI Text Embeddings, and Vector DBs, seeks to improve medical diagnosis accuracy and boost health outcomes globally. Providing users with personalized health reports and diagnoses, the platform further ensures these are validated by leading medical professionals from its extensive network.

By swiftly and accurately responding to health inquiries, Docus.ai covers a wide range of symptoms, probable diseases, and potential treatment strategies. The platform's ability to automate analysis of vast patient health histories and test results offers significant benefits, streamlining doctors' workflows and increasing appointment accessibility. While ensuring accuracy and timeliness, Docus.ai also underscores the importance of professional medical consultation. This is an example of AI in healthcare demonstrating the potential of AI to revolutionize disease diagnosis, ultimately enhancing patient care and outcomes.

examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare

2. Telemedicine

In the realm of telemedicine, we find compelling examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare. AI plays a crucial role in telemonitoring, tracking patient vitals remotely, and predicting potential health risks. It also elevates diagnostic accuracy, offering symptom-based recommendations and analyzing intricate medical images.

One remarkable example is Welltok's AI system. It provides real-time analysis of patient interactions, assisting doctors in India to significantly improve care. Importantly, Welltok's AI chatbot, with an astounding 98% accuracy rate, saved over 60% of users' time, demonstrating a significant advancement in patient-provider communication.

In addition, AI-powered virtual nursing assistants like NurseWise, available 24/7, deliver consistent nursing advice and guidance. These instances reflect the profound impact of AI on telemedicine, underscoring its potential to make high-quality healthcare more accessible, even from the comfort of home.

3. Personalized Medicine

Harnessing the power of artificial intelligence for personalized medicine is revolutionizing healthcare. The application of AI technologies for medical diagnosis is turning the tide on diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and rare conditions like cystic fibrosis. One of the remarkable examples of AI in healthcare is the work by the Cambridge Centre for AI in Medicine, where they develop AI tools for clinicians and researchers that allow for customizing treatments based on an individual's unique medical and lifestyle profile.

AI's ability to analyze, integrate, and interpret massive data sets is crucial in realizing the potential of personalized medicine. For instance, AI algorithms like those used by Nicholas J. Schork, have proven to be particularly apt for handling data-intensive biomedical technologies, revealing the nuances of genetic and biochemical variances among humans. These technological advancements are creating an exciting future for healthcare, with personalized medicine at the forefront.

4. Predictive Analytics

One of the most promising examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare is predictive analytics, which is actively transforming the industry. It examines patient data using techniques like data mining and statistical modeling to predict future health outcomes and inform decisions.

According to Statista, 72% of healthcare leaders surveyed globally recognized the positive influence of predictive analytics on patient health outcomes in clinical settings.

Its applications range from enhancing clinical trials to refining insurance claim processes. Discovering system flaws also helps prevent hospital readmissions and strengthen cybersecurity. Moreover, it bolsters healthcare marketing by offering insights into consumer behavior, thereby optimizing marketing strategies and enhancing ROI.

Nonetheless, it’s essential to stress the vital role of human validation in assuring the precision and applicability of AI-driven forecasts. This combination of AI and healthcare continues to redefine patient care and establish new benchmarks for personalized treatment.

5. Drug Discovery

Artificial intelligence is rapidly advancing in the healthcare sector, resulting in game-changing applications like expedited drug discovery. Examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare include Exscientia's AI-designed drug molecule entering human clinical trials in 2020, and DeepMind's AI system AlphaFold predicting structures for hundreds of thousands of proteins in 2021. By 2023, AbSci used zero-shot generative AI to create and validate de novo antibodies. These instances indicate the transformative power of AI, and its capacity to minimize both time and costs, introducing a new era of healthcare treatments.

The investment community has also recognized this potential, with predictions indicating that even modest AI-facilitated improvements could lead to 50 novel therapies over a decade, opening up a $50 billion market. With increased funding for companies like Schrödinger, Insitro, and AbCellera, the future of drug discovery is becoming increasingly AI-dependent. As we venture into this exciting yet complex domain, addressing legal, ethical, and safety considerations remains crucial.

6. Robotic Surgery

Artificial intelligence (AI) is driving transformative change in robotic surgery, improving surgical planning, aiding in minimally invasive surgery (MIS), and ultimately enhancing patient outcomes. AI's role in preoperative planning, particularly through deep learning, has streamlined emergency care by swiftly identifying abnormalities in CT scans and predicting postoperative complications more accurately than traditional tools. 

During the surgery itself, AI has assisted in tissue tracking, an essential component of MIS, by identifying suitable tracking methods through online learning frameworks. Furthermore, AI-driven surgical robots are emerging as invaluable tools in precision medicine. They mitigate surgeon variability during operations, thereby improving performance and reducing healthcare costs. Noteworthy examples of AI in healthcare include Asensus Surgical's AI robot and the robot used by Maastricht University Medical Center in a microsurgery procedure.

Additionally, AI is instrumental in Robotic Hair Restoration, where surgical robots, aided by AI algorithms, graft hair follicles into precise areas of the scalp, negating the need for a surgeon to manually extract individual follicles. Similarly, the Da Vinci robotic cardiac surgery system uses AI to perform heart-related procedures with minimal incisions. From enhancing preoperative planning to revolutionizing surgical procedures, AI is reshaping the surgical landscape, indicating a promising future for healthcare.

7. Mental Health Therapy

Advanced AI-driven apps have harnessed the power of machine learning and natural language processing to provide personalized, accessible support, changing the perception and treatment of mental illnesses fundamentally. For instance, Youper, Wysa, and Kintsugi offer groundbreaking support by leveraging advanced technologies like machine learning and natural language processing.

Youper engages in meaningful conversations with users to gauge their mental state and provide personalized solutions, Wysa offers immediate support using clinically validated AI, and Kintsugi employs real-time voice biomarkers to address mental health concerns. These innovative solutions reduce the stigma associated with mental health and widen the availability of quality care, empowering individuals to manage their mental well-being effectively.

8. Automated Administration

In a transformative shift, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and automation, notable examples of AI in healthcare, are redefining the landscape of healthcare administration by bolstering operational efficiencies and enhancing patient outcomes. 

According to a report by the McKinsey Center for U.S. Health System Reform, AI-driven administrative simplification can lead to significant savings, estimated at $265 billion annually. Predictive analytics, in conjunction with AI, allows for more precise diagnosis and optimization of services, significantly reducing healthcare costs, particularly in chronic disease management.

Automation in healthcare reduces the potential for human errors in routine tasks like scheduling and billing, while AI augments this by learning from past data and optimizing processes. For instance, according to another study by McKinsey, AI-enhanced automation could free up to 15% of a nurse's time, allowing them to focus more on patient care.

9. Preventive Healthcare

AI is redefining preventive healthcare, shifting from reactive to proactive medicine by allowing for early detection and prevention of diseases. It functions as an engine analyzing massive data sets to discern patterns and trends, often unnoticed by humans, predicting the emergence of illnesses, especially chronic ones. Subtle changes in a patient's vital signs or a comprehensive review of medical history form tangible examples of AI in healthcare.

These processes underscore AI's crucial role in facilitating early detection and accurate diagnosis, paving the way for effective treatments. AI's predictive analytics scrutinize a wide spectrum of data - medical records, lifestyle information, and genetic predispositions - to identify potential health risks, thus enabling a more personalized and precise prevention strategy. AI-assisted diagnosis improves precision by examining medical images and identifying signs of potential diseases, which can be transformative in disease prevention.

10. Pathology

The adoption of AI in pathology, while still in its nascent stages, has started significantly shaping the sector's diagnostic and treatment processes, offering some compelling examples of AI in healthcare. Using image analysis algorithms and deep learning, AI systems can automatically classify cells into groups and discern patterns for diagnosis. This utilization of AI in pathology has made it possible to process medical images swiftly and accurately, leading to faster turnaround times and an increased volume of analysis.

AI's capability to learn autonomously through big data has marked a crucial advancement in this area. Moreover, a Delphi study predicts that by 2030, AI will be seamlessly integrated into anatomic pathology labs and work routines, revolutionizing pathology KPIs and the workflow, and enabling full automation of certain tasks. These developments, however, prompt critical discussions regarding regulatory, legal, and ethical aspects of AI application in pathology.

ai for medical diagnosis

3 Top AI Healthcare Companies

Nvidia

Nvidia, an American multinational tech company, is a global leader in creating AI solutions in the healthcare sector. The company is well-known for its GPU-accelerated computational drug discovery platform, NVIDIA Clara™ for drug discovery. The platform utilizes AI, data analytics, and visualization to streamline drug design and development workflows. In collaboration with AstraZeneca, Nvidia has developed MegaMolBart, an innovative NLP model that helps in the rapid identification of novel molecules for downstream experiments.

Furthermore, Nvidia's venture with Medtronic, the world's largest healthcare technology provider, is focused on developing AI-enabled medical devices. Another notable partnership is with Mitsui, leading to Tokyo-1— a supercomputer aimed at boosting Japan’s pharmaceutical R&D.

Nvidia also powers genomics research, using high-performance computing to accelerate genome analysis and identify rare diseases. AI-powered tools assist in anomaly detection, improving image quality, and workflow optimization in medical devices. Finally, with their Inception program, Nvidia nurtures over 1,800 healthcare startups, fostering the next wave of AI innovation in healthcare.

nvidia

GE Healthcare

GE Healthcare, a global leader in medical technology and digital solutions, is dedicated to making healthcare systems more efficient and effective. They have a legacy of over 100 years in advancing personalized, connected, and compassionate care, facilitating a simpler journey for patients across care pathways.

Their four key businesses—Imaging, Ultrasound, Patient Care Solutions, and Pharmaceutical Diagnostics—provide comprehensive patient care from prevention to diagnosis and treatment. Their imaging and ultrasound solutions have a large, globally installed base with a new product pipeline focused on innovative breakthroughs.

They are also making strides in patient care solutions by integrating digital solutions with clinical decision support. Moreover, GE Healthcare’s Pharmaceutical Diagnostics business enhances radiology and nuclear medicine procedures with an industry-leading injectable pharmaceutical portfolio.

ge healthcare

Medtronic

Medtronic is the world's largest producer of medical devices, with a reputation for cutting-edge products like Medtronic Minimed, the first FDA-approved portable insulin pump. In recent times, Medtronic has stepped up its investments in AI, seeking to bring transformative change to the healthcare sector. A standout example of this is the GI Genius™, the first-of-its-kind AI-powered endoscopy module.

This innovative tool is designed to increase adenoma detection and has been shown to significantly identify early lesions that could develop into colorectal cancers. Backed by AI, the GI Genius™ demonstrates a 99.7% sensitivity rate and less than 1% false positives, bolstering Medtronic's commitment to patient care and early detection. This device stands as a testament to Medtronic's drive to leverage AI in improving medical outcomes and transforming the future of healthcare.

medtronic

Google health / DeepMind/ iCAD

As a leading force in the field of healthcare AI, Google Health, in conjunction with DeepMind, has been a pioneer in harnessing the power of artificial intelligence to bolster patient outcomes. Uniting DeepMind's dedicated team with Google Health in 2019, the organization has been steadfast in innovating healthcare solutions, notably through the development of an AI-based system for identifying breast cancer, which surpassed the performance of human radiologists by an impressive 11.5% on average.

Google's life sciences subsidiary, Verily, is also contributing to the health sphere with Project Baseline, a data-collecting initiative applying algorithms akin to those powering Google's search engine to study health determinants.

Most recently, Google Health announced a groundbreaking partnership with medical technology leader ICAD to license its mammography AI research model. This collaboration, aimed at enhancing breast cancer detection and assess personal cancer risk, addresses a global deficiency of specialists and offers hope to the over two million people diagnosed with breast cancer annually.

By pairing ICAD's advanced imaging tools with Google Health's AI technology, they aim to transform the patient experience and help medical professionals focus on patient care. As this technology evolves and integrates into real-world clinical settings, Google Health, with the support of ICAD and Google Cloud’s infrastructure, can broaden access to AI-based tools in regions with limited resources, potentially saving countless lives.

google health / deepmind / icad

Ethical Considerations and Challenges

The integration of AI in healthcare brings forth several ethical considerations and challenges, primarily concerning privacy, surveillance, bias, discrimination, and the role of human judgment. The use of AI could increase efficiency, allowing healthcare professionals to concentrate more on actual patient issues, but potential inaccuracies and data breaches pose significant risks.

A key example is AI’s application in surgery and nursing, with innovations such as DaVinci, the surgical robot, and Sensely, an AI nurse providing clinical advice. However, the handling of data by such AI systems raises ethical concerns, including data breach risks, ownership of individual healthcare records, and the consent required for data sharing.

The anticipated use of AI in drug development has also stirred debate. AI can streamline the labor-intensive process of drug discovery, employing data processing to leverage robotics, genetic targets, and disease progression models. Yet ethical quandaries linger, sparking discussions on whether current laws are sufficient or if a new legal framework is needed to protect patients from potential AI pitfalls.

Furthermore, it is critical to address issues such as informed consent for data use, safety and transparency, algorithmic fairness, and biases, along with data privacy. Policymakers are urged to proactively confront these ethical challenges, ensuring that the benefits of AI in healthcare decisively outweigh the risks.

Conclusion

Through detailed examination, this article has illustrated several significant examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare, demonstrating AI's profound potential to redefine healthcare as we know it. However, as we increasingly embrace AI-driven advancements, it's essential to address legal, ethical, and safety considerations, ensuring a balanced and beneficial progression toward the future of healthcare.

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